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The Avarin/Silvan Tongue

Cirth Daeron - the alphabet of the elves of Ennor

Not a lot is known about the Avarin tongue, except what can be deduced from the parts of Sindarin that do not correlate in any way to Quenya.  Sindarin is the product of a blending of the two languages, therefore it stands to reason that grammatical inventions such as mutations and forming plurals through vowel-changes are a part of Avarin grammar.  Most grammatical rules are completely unknown, and for that matter likely varied slightly by dialect, but various visible hints suggest that it would be a rather complex language to learn.


It appears from the few examples available that plurals not only were made with vowel changes, but also tended to end in -i or have other last-syllable vowels replaced by i.  What I have been able to deduce about plurals I will lay out briefly here.

Single-syllable words have -i appended unless they end in a vowel, then that vowel is replaced by i.

Poly-syllable words seem to have a final vowel or vowel-consonant combination replaced by i.

In single or first syllables:

a > e

ae does not change

au >

e does not change

ei does not change

eo >

i does not change

o > oe unless if beginning a word, then it does not change

u does not change

Any changes in middle syllables are unknown, if there are any.


A very few thoughts on mutations and non-plural changes:

C lenites to g when the first letter of the second element of a compound.

C becomes ch when following r.

An appended -i- suffix seems to turn root-word a to e.

Any other mutation rules are unknown, or could perhaps be tenatively derived from Sindarin's.

Dialectal Differences

Although generally the Avarin tongue was one language across the groups or tribes, slight dialects did develop in different regions.  Little is known on this matter other than that it existed, however it seems that the differences in dialects were not so much a matter of different words as slight, now unknown, grammatical differences and variations in the pronunciation of some letters.  One example of this is known - the diphthongs ai and ae.  Both sounds do not appear to be used at the same time as they are in Sindarin, but rather one or the other.  Generally, eastern tribes such as the Taurwaith appear to have used the clearer, sharper ai, and western peoples such as the Iathrim used the softer-sounding ae.  When writing such words then, the spelling ai or ae should vary depending on which group is being looked at.

Thoughts and Unusual Letters

In the same way, some form of Avarin words could probably be derived backwards from Sindarin words that have no root in Quenya.  However, here is a list of words that are known.  Some visibly have a similar basic heritage to a few Quenya words, closer to the first, common language that all the Eldar were given, but in sound and form even these are quite different.  For one thing, Avarin seems to employ letters long lost to all other Eldarin tongues - j and sh, as well as combinations like sc.  The j seems to signify a sound rather like that in the modern word "dijon".  

A final note: I would not try to use Avarin for more than very brief phrases or single words.  Sentence structure is completely unknown except that adjectives seem to follow nouns and adverbs follow verbs.










d: you

s: she

s: he

tad: there, thither



adda: father

alc: rush, rushing flight or wind

alm: elm-tree

amn: hill

-an: (a suffix relating personhood)

argad: outside, exterior

ari: day-time

ass: meat

avos: prosperity, riches

basgorn: round loaf of bread

bel: strength

besonn: mate, spouse

bes: marriage, mate-bonding

beorn: Man

ber: warrior, fighter

both: lake

brith: gravel, broken stone

broga: bear

caras: fortress

celf: silver

celun: river

chn: child

cinda: Avarin elf (pl cindi)

col: cloak

cm: sickness

cogn: bow (weapon)

cwk: crow

cwar: fist

Cwendi: the elves of Ennor, the Avari; literally "speakers"

cwess: feather-down

cwindor: narrator, story-teller

dd: hole, pit

dai, dae: shadow cast by an object

dair, daer: shadow of trees, place under trees

Danas: a member of a tribe of elves later known as the Nandor (pl Deni)

dang: sound

daum: night-time

dem: sadness

di: devotion

dior: follower, protege

dl: flat-bottomed valley

dolm: head

dn: back (physically)

dr: land

dorn: oak

dr: rut, wheel-track

drg: wild wolf

duil: large river

durgul: sorcery

ealc: swan

edel: not-Avarin elf (most likely a shifting of "elda")

erdh: seed

eren: wood, forest

esgar: reed

fs: bath

gad: fence

gais, gaes: steel

gaja: great fear, terror

gl: light

galad: radiance

galbreth: beech

gald: tree

ganu: a male

garm: friend-wolf, dog

garth: realm, area under a ruler

gell: sky

gl: bright star, spark

gimr: attention

glsi: honey

gd: dirtiness, filth

Gold: Noldorin elf

golo: lore

gorth: horror

grauc: a powerful, terrible, and hostile creature

g-: not, un-

gwau: wind

gwath: shadowy place

gwedh: bond, bonding

gwen: a female

haidri, haedri: mid-day

hrass: precipice

dh: inner heart

-il: (a feminine suffix)

is: snow

istel: moonlight

jac: neck

jad: rat

jagu: ravine, cleft, gulf

jn: daughter

jn: son

ls: leaf

las: pair of ears

law: year

legin: freedom

lw: fish

lm: echo

luth: magic, spell

mab: hand

maig, maeg: dough

maus: pleasure

mavr: appetite

meord: fine rain, mist

md: moisture

ml: slave, thrall

moth: pool

muil: twilight, shadow

nand: valley

nan: mother

nass: web

naugol: dwarf

neldor: beech- tree

nth: youth, youngling

nw: nose

nl: scent, smell, odor

-on: (a masculine suffix)

r: blood

orn: great tree

orth: mountain

oth: war

rant: river-course

regorn: holly-tree (pl regin)

rest: cut, slice

rim: edge, border

ring: cold mountain pool or lake

rost: wide plain between mountains

roth: cave

rund: piece of wood

s: fire

sai, sae: flame

salch: grass

saum: drinking-vessel, cup

scr: wound, injury

scella: shade

shd: sword

shads: cleft, gash, as if made by a blade

shadsel: blade of a sword or knife

sina: sister

slw: sickness

snais, snaes: sharp point (as of knife or sword or arrow)

spenna: cloud

stam: room, chamber

tass: pin

thalos: torrent of water

thegor: chief, leader

thn: pine

thorn: eagle

tim: glimmering star

tindum: starlight

tr: king

tril: queen

tgh: muscle, physical power

ulgund: monster, hideous creature

ungol: Darkness (as in dark power, not lack of light)

urch: orc

uthwen: escape

weir: weaver



acra: narrow

adu: double

ajan: holy

ar-: outside

arn: red

ascar: rushing, hasty, impetuous

banja: beautiful, fair

baras: very hot, burning hot

barn: safe, protected

born: steady, enduring, true

bril: glittering

chm: sticky, adhesive

dll: flat

dilion: triumphant, joyous

dimb: sad

dirn: old, worn

dunn: black, dark in color

eleda: first-born, eldest

eric: single, alone

erj: lonely

fg: bad, wrong, not-good

gair, gaer: frightening, dreadful

gajaca: terrifying, terrible, dire, fell

ganu: male

gelion: bright

gelu: sky-blue

gerna: worn, old, decrepit

gl: learned

gorthin: horrible

gwen: female

gwen: green

hedhu: foggy, obscure, vague

idr: thoughtful

j (jo-): together

lacra: fast, rapid, swift

lai, lae: people, group, tribe

laig, laeg: keen, sharp / lively

legla: nimble

legol: free, unfettered, uncaged

lind: tuneful, sweet to hear

lri: golden

lmen: echoing

lost: empty

luin: blue

lung: heavy

lygn: pale

maus: pleasant

md: wet

meli: sweet

meneg: thousand

naraca: violent, rushing

naug: short, stunted

nethr: young

nindi: fragile, thin

nv: west

olg: hideous to look at

rba: wild, untamed

radh: east

sairin, saerin: fiery

sclna: hidden, veiled, secret

scarn: wounded, injured

slaiw: sickly, ill

slindi: fine, delicate

sn: clean, bathed

stalga: steady, firm, unwavering

stint: short

swarn: stubborn, perverse, difficult, hard to deal with

tch: stiff, firm

taig, taeg: deep

tali: high, lofty

targ: tough

thall: steep

thin: grey

thr: swooping, leaping down

thurin: hidden

thron: very stiff, very hard

tovon: low

tr: slender

tund: tall

l: rain

ulda: mountain stream, seasonal, brought by rain

ungor: Dark, of the Dark powers

win: evening



alac-: rush, fly, go quickly

barja-: protect, guard, defend (as in battle)

bata-: ban, prohibit, disallow

berja-: dare

bua-: follow, serve

del-: go, travel, proceed

cher-: possess, claim, own

cwind-: speak, talk

gaira-, gaera-: fear, dread

gaj-: astound, greatly surprise

glada-: laugh

gda-: soil, dirty

leth-: set free

mista-: wander

rist-: cut

s-: bathe

sota-: shelter, protect (in a non-combatant way)

tag-: construct, make

ter-: pierce

tingla-: sparkle

told-: fetch, gather

ulja-: rain

wei-: wind, weave

wina-: fade



eja: always, ever

nivon: forward / westward

penni: around

radhon: backward / eastward

uf: forth from, out of



-ion: of, associated with, related to

go: from