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Cirth Daeron

The Angwar is a cirth, or runic, alphabet.  Developed by a bard named Daeron from Doriath for the more cultured Avarin people of Ennor, it was later modified by the Dwarves for their own usage, and eventually taken for the writings of Men as well.  In all the Angwar forms for the different languages, most of the symbols themselves stay the same, but many of the character-to-sound relationships are changed.

The Cirth Daeron was the first of the Angwar forms, and is actually used even into the Third Age by some of the more traditional of Silvan peoples.  Like the Tengwar, a certain pattern is visible in the character letters which are related in sound, for Avarin/Silvan, after all, was the language that invented the mutation/lentition system.

A note of interest: unlike all other writing systems known of Aman or Ennor, which are written horizontally, left-to-right (including the later Angerthas), the original Cirth was written vertically, top-to-bottom.


               p               zh                l                e
               b                nj                lh               
               f                c                ng               
               v                g        s (middle or end of word)                a
               hw                ch        s (beginning of word)               
               m                gh                ss               
               mb                    o
               t                cw                nd               
               d                gw                i  
               th                chw                 
               dh                ghw                 
               n               ngw                u  
               ch                nw                               h
               j                r                w                +h
               sh                rh                 

              "and"               "the"               "or"
mark to separate words pause mark; comma or semi-colon end-of-sentence mark end-of-paragraph mark hyphen mark