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The Angwar is a
cirth, or runic, alphabet. Developed by a bard named Daeron from Doriath
for the more cultured Avarin people of Ennor, it was later modified by the
Dwarves for their own usage, and eventually taken for the writings of Men as
well. In all the Angwar forms for
the different languages, most of the symbols themselves stay the same, but many
of the character-to-sound relationships are changed.
The Angerthas Erebor is a sort of “high-Dwarvish” form of the Angwar. Most of the letters are the same as in the Angerthas, but some are different, and some have reverted to their Cirth Daeron values. Also, some additional diphthong-letters and three accent marks are added.
* A schwa is a vowel
sound (similar to English short u) which can be spelled with nearly any English
vowel; for example the a in “about”, the e in “synthesis”,
the o in “harmony”, or the u in “medium”.