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Eldarin Language Resources

Quenyan Tengwar

    The Tengwar is the Eldarin phonetic alphabet.  There are several forms as to which letter is paired with which sound, but basically the same pattern of letters remains.  Developed for Quenya, it was then also modified for Sindarin usage.  Although the Avari are not generally a writing people, even they have derived a form of their own Tengwar.  The Men of Numenor used this script, as well as those descended from Elendil.

    Even if you plan never to write in or read Tengwar, an understanding of the charts of letters and how groups of them relate can be useful, even though Quenya does not have mutations like Sindarin.  In fact, though a bit more complex in grammar, Quenya is actually simpler to write.  Here also, in the vowel chart, is an explanation of tehtar and their proper usage.

    And if you ever do want to actually use Tengwar, these charts will prove invaluable!!  With that possibility in mind, charts of numerals and punctuation marks are also included, at the bottom.


      t        p      k       qu
     nd      mb       ng       ngw
     th        f       kh       khw
     nt      mp       nk       nkw
     n       m             nw

pre-consonantal and final r

      v            w



opening and pre-vowelic r

      s      x
     ld       rd       ss       z
A double consonant is made by adding an under-tilde --  example:             ll
A following w sound is shown by adding an over-twist -- example:             tw


     a           ai     au
     e               eu
      i             iu
    o           oi  
    u           ui  

When writing short vowels singly, do not use above signs but instead place the appropriate tehta over the preceding consonant.  When writing long vowels or when a vowel begins a word, use above signs.  When writing two short, non-diphthong vowels, use an above sign for first vowel and use a tehta-over-consonant as usual for second vowel.


    0     1     2     3    
      4     5     6    
       7     8      9    
       10      11      *12     *122       *123


         ,          ?           "-           '
          ;           !           -"          -
          :          --            (  
         .              )