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Sindarin Pronunciation

In Sindarin, there are no silent letters. Every syllable is fully heard, except when two letters form a specific combination with a sound of its own. These English-letter combinations are actually often distinct letters of their own in the Tengwar alphabet, therefore each of these will be treated as its own entity in this document. If any combination is not listed here, pronounce each letter separately.

Longer versions of vowels (ex. and from a) are not included in this list.  They are pronounced by drawing out the sound of the vowel; in length a < < .


A: "ah"; as in "father", not "rather"

AE: "ayeh"; softened long i sound

AI: "aye"; clear long i sound

AU (also AW): "ow"; as in "cow"

B: "buh"; same as English

C: "kuh"; sharp and hard, not soft

CH: "kghuuh"; spoken in the back of the throat, rather similar to the Gaelic pronunciation but softer

D: "duh"; same as English

DH:"thhuh"; soft sound, as in "the" or "those"

E: "eh"; short, not long

: "eay"; softened long a sound (used in some words borrowed directly from Quenya)

EI: "ay"; long a sound

EU: "eh-oo"; a mix of shortened E and U sounds (a "weak" diphthong; when either vowel is part of another combination the other stands alone)

F: "fhuh"; rather soft; but a very shortened and quick V sound ("vv") when ending a word

G: "guh"; hard, not soft

GH: "ghuuh"; softened, in-the-throat G

GHW: "ghwuuh"; softened, in-the-throat GW

GW: "gwuh"

H: "huh"; same as English

HW: "hwuh"

I: "ee"; long e sound

IA: "ee-ah"; at times almost "yah" (a "weak" diphthong)

IE: "ee-yeh" (a "weak" diphthong)

IU: "ee-yooh"; sounds like abbreviated,  softened "you" (a "weak" diphthong)

L: "ul", "luh"; same as English, pronounced with the tip of the tongue

LH: "lhuuh"; softened, in-the-throat L

LL: "ul-leh"; somewhat drawn-out l sound, pronounced with the flat of the tongue

M: "mm"; same as English

MM: "mm-uh"; drawn-out m sound

N: "nn"; same as English

NG: "nn-guh"; similar to the "-ng" of the English word "sing"

NGW: "nn-gwuh"; "-ng" with a "-wuh" sound attached

NN: "nn-uh"; drawn-out n sound

O: "oh", "auh"; either long or short, same as English

OE: "oyh", softened OI

OI: "oy"; sharp and clear, as in "toy" or "boy"

P: "puh", same as English

PH: "fuh", similar to English but a somewhat sharp pronunciation, starting with tongue behind teeth, especially noticable at the beginning of a word

QU: "khuuh"; softened C (not "kwuh" sound)

R: "rr"; with a half-catch almost like beginning a trill, but not quite

RH: "rreh"; no trill or catch, softened R

RR: "rrr"; drawn-out trilled r sound, much like a Spanish r

S: "ss"; same as English

SS: "sss", drawn-out s sound

T: "tuh"; same as English

TH: "thuh"; hard sound, as in "think"

U: "oo"; long, not short

UI: "we", as in "week"; except when after R, then sounds more like oo-ee

V: "vuh", "vv"; same as English

W: "wuh" everywhere except when ending a word; then "oo"

Y (consonant): "yuh"; same as English

Y (vowel): "ih"; short i sound

YW: "eyou"; a French-like sound